Spring Boot Security OAuth2 实现支持JWT令牌的授权服务器

发布时间:2019-04-05 14:00:01发布者:Mr.Zhang阅读(508)

概要

之前的两篇文章,讲述了Spring Security 结合 OAuth2 、JWT 的使用,这一节要求对 OAuth2、JWT 有了解,若不清楚,先移步到下面两篇提前了解下。

Spring Boot Security 整合 OAuth2 设计安全API接口服务

Spring Boot Security 整合 JWT 实现 无状态的分布式API接口

这一篇我们来实现 支持 JWT令牌 的授权服务器。

优点

使用 OAuth2 是向认证服务器申请令牌,客户端拿这令牌访问资源服务服务器,资源服务器校验了令牌无误后,如果资源的访问用到用户的相关信息,那么资源服务器还需要根据令牌关联查询用户的信息。

使用 JWT 是客户端通过用户名、密码 请求服务器获取 JWT,服务器判断用户名和密码无误之后,可以将用户信息和权限信息经过加密成 JWT 的形式返回给客户端。在之后的请求中,客户端携带 JWT 请求需要访问的资源,如果资源的访问用到用户的相关信息,那么就直接从JWT中获取到。

所以,如果我们在使用 OAuth2 时结合JWT ,就能节省集中式令牌校验开销,实现无状态授权认证。

快速上手

项目说明

工程名 端口 作用
jwt-authserver 8080 授权服务器
jwt-resourceserver 8081 资源服务器

授权服务器

pom.xml

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-oauth2-resource-server</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-oauth2-client</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.security.oauth.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-security-oauth2-autoconfigure</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.3.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-security-jwt</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.10.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>

WebSecurityConfig

@Configuration
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http.
             authorizeRequests().antMatchers("/**").permitAll();
    }

    @Autowired
    public void configureGlobal(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        auth
            .inMemoryAuthentication()
            .withUser("user").password("123456").roles("USER");
    }

    @Bean
    @Override
    public AuthenticationManager authenticationManagerBean() throws Exception {
        return super.authenticationManagerBean();
    }

    @Bean
    public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() {
        return new PasswordEncoder() {
            @Override
            public String encode(CharSequence charSequence) {
                return charSequence.toString();
            }

            @Override
            public boolean matches(CharSequence charSequence, String s) {
                return Objects.equals(charSequence.toString(),s);
            }
        };
    }

}

为了方便,使用内存模式,在内存中创建一个用户 user 密码 123456。

OAuth2AuthorizationServer

/**
 * 授权服务器
 */
@Configuration
@EnableAuthorizationServer
public class OAuth2AuthorizationServer extends AuthorizationServerConfigurerAdapter {

    /**
     * 注入AuthenticationManager ,密码模式用到
     */
    @Autowired
    private AuthenticationManager authenticationManager;

    /**
     * 对Jwt签名时,增加一个密钥
     * JwtAccessTokenConverter:对Jwt来进行编码以及解码的类
     */
    @Bean
    public JwtAccessTokenConverter accessTokenConverter() {
        JwtAccessTokenConverter converter = new JwtAccessTokenConverter();
        converter.setSigningKey("test-secret");
        return converter;
    }

    /**
     * 设置token 由Jwt产生,不使用默认的透明令牌
     */
    @Bean
    public JwtTokenStore jwtTokenStore() {
        return new JwtTokenStore(accessTokenConverter());
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(AuthorizationServerEndpointsConfigurer endpoints) throws Exception {
        endpoints
                .authenticationManager(authenticationManager)
                .tokenStore(jwtTokenStore())
                .accessTokenConverter(accessTokenConverter());
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(ClientDetailsServiceConfigurer clients) throws Exception {
        clients.inMemory()
                .withClient("clientapp")
                .secret("123")
                .scopes("read")
                //设置支持[密码模式、授权码模式、token刷新]
                .authorizedGrantTypes(
                        "password",
                        "authorization_code",
                        "refresh_token");
    }


}

资源服务器

pom.xml

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-oauth2-resource-server</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-oauth2-client</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.security.oauth.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-security-oauth2-autoconfigure</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.3.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-security-jwt</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.10.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>

HelloController

@RestController("/api")
public class HelloController {

    @PostMapping("/api/hi")
    public String say(String name) {
        return "hi , " + name;
    }

}

OAuth2ResourceServer

/**
 * 资源服务器
 */
@Configuration
@EnableResourceServer
public class OAuth2ResourceServer extends ResourceServerConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        http
            .authorizeRequests()
            .anyRequest().authenticated().and()
            .requestMatchers().antMatchers("/api/**");
    }
}

application.yml

server:
  port: 8081

security:
  oauth2:
    resource:
      jwt:
        key-value: test-secret

参数说明:

  • security.oauth2.resource.jwt.key-value:设置签名key 保持和授权服务器一致。
  • security.oauth2.resource.jwt:项目启动过程中,检查到配置文件中有
    security.oauth2.resource.jwt 的配置,就会生成 jwtTokenStore 的 bean,对令牌的校验就会使用 jwtTokenStore 。

验证

请求令牌

curl -X POST --user 'clientapp:123' -d 'grant_type=password&username=user&password=123456' http://localhost:8080/oauth/token

返回JWT令牌

{
    "access_token": "eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJleHAiOjE1NTQ0MzExMDgsInVzZXJfbmFtZSI6InVzZXIiLCJhdXRob3JpdGllcyI6WyJST0xFX1VTRVIiXSwianRpIjoiOGM0YWMyOTYtMDQwYS00Y2UzLTg5MTAtMWJmNjZkYTQwOTk3IiwiY2xpZW50X2lkIjoiY2xpZW50YXBwIiwic2NvcGUiOlsicmVhZCJdfQ.YAaSRN0iftmlR6Khz9UxNNEpHHn8zhZwlQrCUCPUmsU",
    "token_type": "bearer",
    "refresh_token": "eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJ1c2VyX25hbWUiOiJ1c2VyIiwic2NvcGUiOlsicmVhZCJdLCJhdGkiOiI4YzRhYzI5Ni0wNDBhLTRjZTMtODkxMC0xYmY2NmRhNDA5OTciLCJleHAiOjE1NTY5Nzk5MDgsImF1dGhvcml0aWVzIjpbIlJPTEVfVVNFUiJdLCJqdGkiOiI0ZjA5M2ZjYS04NmM0LTQxZWUtODcxZS1kZTY2ZjFhOTI0NTAiLCJjbGllbnRfaWQiOiJjbGllbnRhcHAifQ.vvAE2LcqggBv8pxuqU6RKPX65bl7Zl9dfcoIbIQBLf4",
    "expires_in": 43199,
    "scope": "read",
    "jti": "8c4ac296-040a-4ce3-8910-1bf66da40997"
}

携带JWT令牌请求资源

curl -X POST -H "authorization: Bearer eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJleHAiOjE1NTQ0MzExMDgsInVzZXJfbmFtZSI6InVzZXIiLCJhdXRob3JpdGllcyI6WyJST0xFX1VTRVIiXSwianRpIjoiOGM0YWMyOTYtMDQwYS00Y2UzLTg5MTAtMWJmNjZkYTQwOTk3IiwiY2xpZW50X2lkIjoiY2xpZW50YXBwIiwic2NvcGUiOlsicmVhZCJdfQ.YAaSRN0iftmlR6Khz9UxNNEpHHn8zhZwlQrCUCPUmsU" -d 'name=zhangsan' http://localhost:8081/api/hi

返回

hi , zhangsan

源码

https://github.com/gf-huanchupk/SpringBootLearning/tree/master/springboot-security-oauth2-jwt




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本文转自博客园,原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/huanchupkblog/p/10657650.html