SaltStack--项目实战

发布时间:2019-05-22 14:00:10发布者:Mr.Zhang阅读(336)

 saltstack项目实战

项目架构规划

后端web服务器使用Nginx+Php作为站点,通过HAproxy做负载均衡,Keepalived做高可用

项目环境准备

说明: 关闭防火墙、selinux、时间同步等

host绑定

[root@salt-master ~]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.1.30    salt-master
192.168.1.31    salt-minion01
192.168.1.32    salt-minion02
192.168.1.33    salt-minion03
192.168.1.34    salt-minion04

[root@salt-master ~]# for i in `seq 4`; do scp /etc/hosts 192.168.1.3$i:/etc/hosts ; done

软件安装

参考地址

1)Master上软件安装

[root@salt-master ~]# yum -y install https://mirrors.aliyun.com/saltstack/yum/redhat/salt-repo-latest-2.el7.noarch.rpm
[root@salt-master ~]# sed -i "s/repo.saltstack.com/mirrors.aliyun.com\/saltstack/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/salt-latest.repo
[root@salt-master ~]# yum -y install salt-master
[root@salt-master ~]# systemctl enable salt-master
[root@salt-master ~]# systemctl start salt-master

2)Minion上软件安装并配置

# yum -y install https://mirrors.aliyun.com/saltstack/yum/redhat/salt-repo-latest-2.el7.noarch.rpm
# yum -y install salt-minion
# cp /etc/salt/minion{,.back}
# sed -i '/#master: /c\master: salt-master' /etc/salt/minion
# systemctl enable salt-minion
# systemctl start salt-minion

Master上认证

[root@salt-master ~]# systemctl restart salt-master
[root@salt-master ~]# salt-key -L 
Accepted Keys:
Denied Keys:
Unaccepted Keys:
salt-minion01
salt-minion02
salt-minion03
salt-minion04
Rejected Keys:

[root@salt-master ~]# salt-key -A -y
The following keys are going to be accepted:
Unaccepted Keys:
salt-minion01
salt-minion02
salt-minion03
salt-minion04
Key for minion salt-minion01 accepted.
Key for minion salt-minion02 accepted.
Key for minion salt-minion03 accepted.
Key for minion salt-minion04 accepted.
[root@salt-master ~]# salt-key -L 
Accepted Keys:
salt-minion01
salt-minion02
salt-minion03
salt-minion04
Denied Keys:
Unaccepted Keys:
Rejected Keys:

[root@salt-master ~]# salt '*' test.ping
salt-minion01:
    True
salt-minion02:
    True
salt-minion03:
    True
salt-minion04:
    True

Master上state编写

state环境设置

说明:该案例在prod环境下配置,在prod下面创建了一个modules的目录,所有的安装配置都放在这个目录下面了,里面分别又对应创建了对应的软件目录,每个软件目录下面的files目录用来存放的是软件包或者配置文件模板

[root@salt-master ~]# vim /etc/salt/master
file_roots:
  base:
    - /srv/salt/base
  test:
    - /srv/salt/test
  prod:
    - /srv/salt/prod
  dev:
    - /srv/salt/dev
[root@salt-master ~]# systemctl restart salt-master
[root@salt-master ~]# mkdir -p /srv/salt/{base,test,prod,dev}

[root@salt-master ~]# mkdir -p /srv/salt/prod/modules/{nginx,php,mysql,haproxy,keepalived,lnmp}/files
[root@salt-master ~]# mkdir /srv/salt/prod/modules/user
[root@salt-master ~]# tree /srv/salt/prod/modules/
/srv/salt/prod/modules/
├── haproxy
│   └── files
├── keepalived
│   └── files
├── lnmp
│   └── files
├── mysql
│   └── files
├── nginx
│   └── files
├── php
│   └── files
└── user

13 directories, 0 files

sls文件编写

pkg基础包

安装源码编译所需要用到的基础软件包

[root@salt-master ~]# cat /srv/salt/prod/modules/pkg.sls 
pkg-install:
  pkg.installed:
    - pkgs:
      - gcc
      - gcc-c++
      - make
      - autoconf
      - glibc
      - glibc-devel
      - glib2
      - glib2-devel
      - pcre
      - pcre-devel
      - zlib
      - zlib-devel
      - openssl
      - openssl-devel
      - libpng
      - libpng-devel
      - freetype
      - freetype-devel
      - libxml2
      - libxml2-devel
      - bzip2
      - bzip2-devel
      - ncurses
      - curl
      - gdbm-devel
      - libXpm-devel
      - libX11-devel
      - gd-devel
      - gmp-devel
      - readline-devel
      - libxslt-devel
      - expat-devel
      - xmlrpc-c
      - xmlrpc-c-devel

useradd

创建网站运行用户

[root@salt-master ~]# cat /srv/salt/prod/modules/user/www.sls 
www-user-group:
  group.present:
    - name: www
    - gid: 2000

  user.present:
    - name: www
    - fullname: www
    - shell: /sbin/nologin
    - uid: 2000
    - gid: 2000
    - unless: id www

nginx

1)软件包准备,及配置文件模板,启动文件模板

[root@salt-master ~]# cd /srv/salt/prod/modules/nginx/
[root@salt-master nginx]# tree 
.
├── files
│   ├── nginx-1.12.2.tar.gz
│   ├── nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz
│   ├── nginx.conf.template
│   └── nginx.service.template
├── install.sls
└── service.sls

1 directory, 6 files

2)install.sls

[root@salt-master nginx]# cat install.sls 
{% set nginx_version = "1.16.0"%}
include:
  - modules.pkg
  - modules.user.www

nginx-install:
  file.managed:
    - name: /usr/local/src/nginx-{{ nginx_version }}.tar.gz
    - source: salt://modules/nginx/files/nginx-{{ nginx_version }}.tar.gz
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644

  cmd.run:
    - name: cd /usr/local/src/ && tar xf nginx-{{ nginx_version }}.tar.gz && cd nginx-{{ nginx_version }} && ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx-{{ nginx_version }} --user=root --group=root --with-http_ssl_module --with-stream --with-http_stub_status_module --with-file-aio --with-http_gzip_static_module && make && make install && ln -s /usr/local/nginx-{{ nginx_version }} /usr/local/nginx
    - unless: test -d /usr/local/nginx-{{ nginx_version }} && test -L /usr/local/nginx
    - require:
      - file: nginx-install
      - pkg: pkg-install

3)service.sls

[root@salt-master nginx]# cat service.sls 
#引入nginx安装sls
include:
  - modules.nginx.install

#添加systemctl
nginx-init:
  file.managed:
    - name: /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
    - source: salt://modules/nginx/files/nginx.service.template
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 755
    - unless: test -f /usr/lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
  cmd.run:
    - name: systemctl daemon-reload
    - require:
      - file: nginx-init

#配置文件
/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf:
  file.managed:
    - source: salt://modules/nginx/files/nginx.conf.template
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644

#启动nginx
nginx-service:
  file.directory:
    - name: /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 755
    - require:
      - cmd: nginx-install
  service.running:
    - name: nginx
    - enable: True
    - reload: True
    - require:
      - cmd: nginx-init
    - watch:
      - file: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
      - file: nginx-service

php

1)软件包准备,及配置文件模板,启动文件模板

[root@salt-master ~]# cd /srv/salt/prod/modules/php/
[root@salt-master php]# tree
.
├── files
│   ├── php-5.6.40.tar.gz
│   ├── php-fpm.conf.template
│   ├── php-fpm.service.template
│   ├── php-fpm.template
│   └── php.ini.template
├── install.sls
└── service.sls

1 directory, 7 files

2)install.sls

[root@salt-master php]# cat install.sls 
{% set php_version = "5.6.40" %}
include:
  - modules.pkg

php-install:
  file.managed:
    - name: /usr/local/src/php-{{ php_version }}.tar.gz
    - source: salt://modules/php/files/php-{{ php_version }}.tar.gz
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644

  cmd.run:
    - name: cd /usr/local/src/ && tar xf php-{{ php_version }}.tar.gz && cd php-{{ php_version }} && ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php-{{ php_version }} --with-curl --with-freetype-dir --with-gd --with-gettext --with-iconv-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-kerberos --with-libdir=lib64 --with-libxml-dir --with-mysql --with-mysqli --with-openssl --with-pcre-regex --with-pdo-mysql --with-dpo-sqlite --with-pear --with-png-dir --with-openssl --with-xmlrpc --with-xsl --with-zlib --enable-fpm --enable-bcmath --enable-libxml --enable-inline-optimization --enable-gd-native-ttf --enable-mbregex --enable-mbstring --enable-opcache --enable-pcntl --enable-shmop --enable-soap --enable-sockets --enable-sysvsem --enable-xml --enable-zip && make && make install && ln -s /usr/local/php-{{ php_version }} /usr/local/php
    - unless: test -d /usr/local/php-{{ php_version }} && test -L /usr/local/php
    - require:
      - file: php-install
      - pkg: pkg-install

3)service.sls

[root@salt-master php]# cat service.sls 
#引入php安装的sls
include:
  - modules.php.install

#php-ini配置文件配置
php-ini:
  file.managed:
    - name: /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
    - source: salt://modules/php/files/php.ini.template
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644
    - require:
      - cmd: php-install
  cmd.run:
    - name: ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini
    - unless: test -L /etc/php.ini
    - require:
      - file: php-ini

#php-fpm配置文件配置
php-fpm:
  file.managed:
    - name: /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
    - source: salt://modules/php/files/php-fpm.conf.template
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644
    - require:
      - cmd: php-install
  cmd.run:
    - name: ln -s /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf /etc/php-fpm.conf
    - unless: test -L /etc/php-fpm.conf
    - require:
      - file: php-fpm

#加入system启动
php-systemd:
  file.managed:
    - name: /usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service
    - source: salt://modules/php/files/php-fpm.service.template
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644
    - require:
      - cmd: php-install

#加入/etc/init.d/启动
php-init:
  file.managed:
    - name: /etc/init.d/php-fpm
    - source: salt://modules/php/files/php-fpm.template
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 755
    - require:
      - cmd: php-install

#启动php-fpm
php-service:
  service.running:
    - name: php-fpm
    - enable: True
    - require:
      - file: php-systemd
    - watch:
      - file: php-fpm
      - file: php-ini

mysql

1)配置文件模板准备

[root@salt-master ~]# cd /srv/salt/prod/modules/mysql/
[root@salt-master mysql]# tree
.
├── files
│   └── my.cnf
├── install.sls
└── service.sls

1 directory, 3 files

2)install.sls

[root@salt-master mysql]# cat install.sls 
mariadb-install:
  pkg.installed:
    - pkgs:
      - mariadb-server
      - mariadb

3)service.sls

[root@salt-master mysql]# cat service.sls 
#引入mysql安装的sls
include:
  - modules.mysql.install

#my.cnf配置文件
mariadb-config:
  file.managed:
    - name: /etc/my.cnf
    - source: salt://modules/mysql/files/my.cnf
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644
    - require:
      - pkg: mariadb-install

#启动mariadb
mariadb-service:
  service.running:
    - name: mariadb
    - enable: True
    - watch:
      - file: mariadb-config
    - require:
      - pkg: mariadb-install
      - file: mariadb-config

lnmp

1)准备测试文件php info 和nginx虚拟主机配置文件

[root@salt-master ~]# cd /srv/salt/prod/modules/lnmp/
[root@salt-master lnmp]# tree
.
├── files
│   ├── index.php
│   └── www.conf
└── www.sls

1 directory, 3 files

2)www.sls

[root@salt-master lnmp]# cat www.sls 
#引入nginx、php、mysql的安装
include:
  - modules.nginx.service
  - modules.php.service
  - modules.mysql.service

#虚拟主机web站点目录创建
web-www:
  file.directory:
    - name: /opt/www
    - user: www
    - group: www
    - mode: 755

#虚拟主机配置文件配置
web-www-conf:
  file.managed:
    - name: /usr/local/nginx/conf/conf.d/www.conf
    - source: salt://modules/lnmp/files/www.conf
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644
    - require:
      - file: web-www
    - watch_in:
      - service: nginx-service
    - template: jinja
    - defaults:
      PORT: 80
      IPADDR: {{ grains['fqdn_ip4'][0] }}

#phpinfo测试文件准备
web-index:
  file.managed:
    - name: /opt/www/index.php
    - source: salt://modules/lnmp/files/index.php
    - user: www
    - group: www
    - mode: 644

测试lnmp是否OK

1)Top file编写

[root@salt-master ~]# cat /srv/salt/base/top.sls 
prod:
  "salt-minion0[3-4]":
    - modules.lnmp.www

2)执行高级状态

[root@salt-master ~]# salt '*' state.highstate

3)访问测试

haproxy

1)配置文件准备

[root@salt-master ~]# cd /srv/salt/prod/modules/haproxy/
[root@salt-master haproxy]# tree
.
├── files
│   └── haproxy.cfg
├── install.sls
└── service.sls

1 directory, 3 files

2)install.sls

[root@salt-master haproxy]# cat install.sls 
haproxy-install:
  pkg.installed:
    - name: haproxy

3)service.sls

[root@salt-master haproxy]# cat service.sls 
#引入haproxy安装的sls
include:
  - modules.haproxy.install

#配置文件
haproxy-config:
  file.managed:
    - name: /etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
    - source: salt://modules/haproxy/files/haproxy.cfg
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644
    - require:
      - pkg: haproxy-install

#启动haproxy
haproxy-service:
  service.running:
    - name: haproxy
    - enable: True
    - require:
      - pkg: haproxy-install
      - file: haproxy-config
    - watch:
      - file: haproxy-config

 

keepalived

1)配置文件准备

[root@salt-master ~]# cd /srv/salt/prod/modules/keepalived/
[root@salt-master keepalived]# tree
.
├── files
│   └── keepalived.conf
├── install.sls
└── service.sls

1 directory, 3 files

2)install.sls

[root@salt-master keepalived]# cat install.sls 
keepalived-install:
  pkg.installed:
    - name: keepalived

3)service.sls

[root@salt-master keepalived]# cat service.sls 
#引入keepalived安装的sls
include:
  - modules.keepalived.install

#keepalived配置文件
keepalived-config:
  file.managed:
    - name: /etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf
    - source: salt://modules/keepalived/files/keepalived.conf
    - user: root
    - group: root
    - mode: 644
    - require:
      - pkg: keepalived-install
    - template: jinja
    - defaults:
{% if grains['fqdn'] == "salt-minion01" %}
      ROUTER_ID: saltstack01
      STATE: MASTER
      PRIORITY: 150
{% elif grains['fqdn'] == "salt-minion02" %}
      ROUTER_ID: saltstack02
      STATE: BACKUP
      PRIORITY: 100
{% endif %}

#启动keepalived
keepalived-service:
  service.running:
    - name: keepalived
    - enable: True
    - require:
      - pkg: keepalived-install
      - file: keepalived-config
    - watch:
      - file: keepalived-config

整体部署

1)top file 编写

[root@salt-master ~]# cat /srv/salt/base/top.sls 
prod:
  "salt-minion0[3-4]":
    - modules.lnmp.www

  "salt-minion0[1-2]":
    - modules.haproxy.service
    - modules.keepalived.service

2)高级状态执行

[root@salt-master ~]# salt '*' state.highstate

3)测试

访问192.168.1.31192.168.1.32的状态页

访问VIP192.168.1.100

 

通过上面测试可看到可以成功访问lnmp站点,并且haproxyok。访问所有四台服务器都可以得到phpinfo页面,而在生产环境中,我们只是对外提供vip即可。

项目总结

1)整体环境查看

[root@salt-master ~]# tree /srv/salt/prod/modules/
/srv/salt/prod/modules/
├── haproxy
│   ├── files
│   │   └── haproxy.cfg
│   ├── install.sls
│   └── service.sls
├── keepalived
│   ├── files
│   │   └── keepalived.conf
│   ├── install.sls
│   └── service.sls
├── lnmp
│   ├── files
│   │   ├── index.php
│   │   └── www.conf
│   └── www.sls
├── mysql
│   ├── files
│   │   └── my.cnf
│   ├── install.sls
│   └── service.sls
├── nginx
│   ├── files
│   │   ├── nginx-1.12.2.tar.gz
│   │   ├── nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz
│   │   ├── nginx.conf.template
│   │   └── nginx.service.template
│   ├── install.sls
│   └── service.sls
├── php
│   ├── files
│   │   ├── php-5.6.40.tar.gz
│   │   ├── php-fpm.conf.template
│   │   ├── php-fpm.service.template
│   │   ├── php-fpm.template
│   │   └── php.ini.template
│   ├── install.sls
│   └── service.sls
├── pkg.sls
└── user
    └── www.sls

13 directories, 27 files

2)如果需要在某台服务器上面单独部署某一部分,参考以下写法:

[root@salt-master ~]# cat /srv/salt/base/top.sls 
#部署lnmp及haproxy+keepalived
prod:
  "salt-minion0[3-4]":
    - modules.lnmp.www

  "salt-minion0[1-2]":
    - modules.haproxy.service
    - modules.keepalived.service

#单实例操作说明:
prod:
  "salt-minion04":
    - modules.nginx.service    #单独安装nginx时
    - modules.mysql.service     #单独安装mysql时
    - modules.php.service       #单独安装php时
    - modules.keepalived.service  #单独安装keepalived时
    - modules.haproxy.service   #单独安装haproxy时

  "salt-minion03":
    - modules.lnmp.www     #单独部署lnmp环境时

 





本文转自博客园,原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/yanjieli/p/10904223.html