httpclient绕过证书验证进行HTTPS请求

发布时间:2019-04-23 14:00:04发布者:Mr.Zhang阅读(291)

 

 

        http请求是我们常用的一种web应用的应用层协议,但是由于它的不安全性,现在正在逐渐向https协议过渡。https协议是在http的基础上进行了隧道加密,加密方式有SSL和TLS两种。当server用https协议进行数据交换后,client请求server时会对server的证书进行校验,如果server端证书为四大证书机构颁发的证书或者其授权机构颁发的证书,则允许进一步请求,否则会警告证书不受信任。更多信息可参考https://www.cnblogs.com/handsomeBoys/p/6556336.html

        当用httpclient进行请求https,会提示找不到有效的证书(unable to find valid certification path to requested target)

        出现这种情况就是server端的证书不被信任,可以通过重写一个类继承DefaultHttpClient类,代码如下:

 1 import org.apache.http.conn.ClientConnectionManager;
 2 import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.Scheme;
 3 import org.apache.http.conn.scheme.SchemeRegistry;
 4 import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLSocketFactory;
 5 import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
 6 
 7 import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext;
 8 import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager;
 9 import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;
10 import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
11 import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
12 
13 public class SSLClient extends DefaultHttpClient {
14     public SSLClient() throws Exception{
15         super();
16         SSLContext ctx = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
17         X509TrustManager tm = new X509TrustManager() {
18             @Override
19             public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain,
20                                            String authType) throws CertificateException {
21             }
22             @Override
23             public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain,
24                                            String authType) throws CertificateException {
25             }
26             @Override
27             public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
28                 return null;
29             }
30         };
31         ctx.init(null, new TrustManager[]{tm}, null);
32         SSLSocketFactory ssf = new SSLSocketFactory(ctx,SSLSocketFactory.ALLOW_ALL_HOSTNAME_VERIFIER);
33         ClientConnectionManager ccm = this.getConnectionManager();
34         SchemeRegistry sr = ccm.getSchemeRegistry();
35         sr.register(new Scheme("https", 443, ssf));
36     }
37 }

        然后在进行https请求创建HttpClient对象时用这个类的构造器创建对象就可以实现https请求,例如:

 1 import org.apache.http.Header;
 2 import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
 3 import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
 4 import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
 5 
 6 public class RestApi {
 7 
 8     public static String getCsrf(){
 9         String csrfToken = "";
10         try {
11             CloseableHttpClient client = new SSLClient();
12             String url = "https://10.67.19.186";
13             HttpGet get = new HttpGet(url);
14             HttpResponse response = client.execute(get);
15             Header setCookidHeader = response.getFirstHeader("Set-Cookie");
16             csrfToken = setCookidHeader.getValue().split(";")[0].split("=")[1];
17         } catch (Exception e) {
18             e.printStackTrace();
19         }
20         return csrfToken;
21     }

 





本文转自博客园,原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/calvin1102/p/10755421.html