SpringBoot整合Spring Security使用Demo

发布时间:2019-04-23 14:00:05发布者:Mr.Zhang阅读(463)

https://start.spring.io/ 生成SpringBoot项目

 

pom文件应该是我这样的:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.20.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath /> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
    <groupId>org.dreamtech</groupId>
    <artifactId>demo</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>war</packaging>
    <name>demo</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Security</description>

    <properties>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <!-- 在IDEA中如果项目运行失败,注释掉这一项即可 -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-tomcat</artifactId>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.security</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-security-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>

</project>

 

Controller:

package org.dreamtech.demo;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.security.access.prepost.PreAuthorize;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.method.configuration.EnableGlobalMethodSecurity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

/**
 * Spring Boot启动类
 * @author Xu Yiqing
 *
 */
@SpringBootApplication
@RestController
@EnableAutoConfiguration
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)
public class DemoApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(DemoApplication.class, args);
    }
    
    /**
     * 根目录,所有人都可以访问
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/")
    public String helloSpringBoot() {
        return "hello spring boot";
    }
    
    /**
     * 只有经过身份认证后才可以访问
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/hello")
    public String helloWorld() {
        return "hello world";
    }
    
    /**
     * 经过身份认证且身份必须是ADMIN才可以访问,并且是在方法执行前进行验证
     * @return
     */
    @PreAuthorize("hasRole('ROLE_ADMIN')")
    @RequestMapping("/role")
    public String role() {
        return "admin auth";
    }

}

 

Spring Security配置文件:

package org.dreamtech.demo;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.HttpSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.builders.WebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;

/**
 * Spring Security配置文件
 * @author Xu Yiqing
 *
 */
@Configuration
@EnableWebSecurity
public class SpringSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    @Autowired
    private MyUserService myUserService;
    
    @Override
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception {
        /* 可以将用户名密码存在内存中,也可以采用自定义Service从数据库中取
        auth.inMemoryAuthentication().withUser("admin").password("12345").roles("ADMIN");
        auth.inMemoryAuthentication().withUser("test").password("test").roles("USER");
        */
        auth.userDetailsService(myUserService).passwordEncoder(new MyPasswordEncoder());
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        // 配置对根路径放行,其他请求拦截,对logout放行,允许表单校验,禁用CSRF
        http.authorizeRequests().antMatchers("/").permitAll().anyRequest().authenticated().and().logout().permitAll()
                .and().formLogin();
        http.csrf().disable();
    }

    @Override
    public void configure(WebSecurity web) throws Exception {
        // 配置忽略js、css、images静态文件
        web.ignoring().antMatchers("/js/**", "/css/**", "/images/**");
    }

}

 

自定义密码加密器:

package org.dreamtech.demo;

import org.springframework.security.authentication.encoding.Md5PasswordEncoder;
import org.springframework.security.crypto.password.PasswordEncoder;

/**
 * 自定义密码加密器
 * 
 * @author Xu Yiqing
 *
 */
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
public class MyPasswordEncoder implements PasswordEncoder {

    // 加密需要的盐
    private static final String SALT = "666";

    /**
     * 加密
     */
    @Override
    public String encode(CharSequence rawPassword) {
        Md5PasswordEncoder encoder = new Md5PasswordEncoder();
        return encoder.encodePassword(rawPassword.toString(), SALT);
    }

    /**
     * 匹配
     */
    @Override
    public boolean matches(CharSequence rawPassword, String encodedPassword) {
        Md5PasswordEncoder encoder = new Md5PasswordEncoder();
        return encoder.isPasswordValid(encodedPassword, rawPassword.toString(), SALT);
    }

}

 

Service:

package org.dreamtech.demo;

import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService;
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UsernameNotFoundException;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * 自定义服务
 * @author Xu Yiqing
 *
 */
@Component
public class MyUserService implements UserDetailsService {

    /**
     * 从DAO层根据用户名查询
     */
    @Override
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException {
        UserDetails userDetails = null;
        // DAO操作 ......
        return userDetails;
    }

}

 

这里的Service层只是做一个示例

如果想看具体的效果,应该使用configure中注释掉的那两行进行测试

 

总结:

Spring Security优点:功能较齐全,高度兼容Spring

Spring Security缺点:体系庞大,配置繁琐,不够直观

所以,在实际开发中,人们通常选用Apache Shiro代替Spring Security





本文转自博客园,原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/xuyiqing/p/10754798.html